Please remember that none of these signs are diagnostic of child abuse, but simply red flags of concern.
Any non-accidental injury to a minor, giving or allowing controlled substances to a minor, and/or allowing a perpetrator to have access to the child.
Unexplained marks, bruises, cuts, fractures, and/or dislocations on the body
Bruises/welts in various stages of healing, in clusters or patterns in the shape of an object
Injury that is not consistent with explanation from caregiver, sibling and/or child
Extreme fear of parents/caregivers
Frequent absences in school, counseling or other appointments
Aggressive, disruptive, destructive
Any contact or interaction with a minor being used for sexual stimulation of the perpetrator or any other person that includes sexual penetration, sexual molestation, and/or sexual exploitation.
Discharge, recurring pain, or itching in genital or anal areas
Difficulty walking or sitting
Unusual and offensive odors
Sexual knowledge beyond what is age appropriate – “acting out”
Unexplained regression or fear
Child has a secret they cannot tell
Fear of restrooms, showers, or baths
Occurs when a parent or caretaker fails to provide for a child’s physical, medical, and educational needs such as inadequate supervision, abandonment, medical care/attention, food, shelter, and/or clothing.
Underweight, poor growth, failure to thrive
Dressed inappropriately for the weather
Begs, hoards, or steals food
Erratic attendance at school
Noticeable developmental delays
When a minor sees or hears any person commit homicide, domestic battery, or assault on a family member or household member.
Inability to concentrate
Signs of anxiety, short attention span, withdrawal
Developmental delays in speech, motor, or cognitive skills
Any minor induced into commercial sex—regardless of whether or not the trafficker used force, fraud, or coercion.
Unexplained physical injuries
Signs of drug addiction
Sudden change in attire and/or material possessions
Frequent absences at school
Mentions having an “older boyfriend”
Hyperarousal (chronic state of fight or flight)